Maintaining good oral hygiene is necessary to prevent dental diseases. The American Dental Association has advised brushing one's teeth twice daily, including regular flossing. However, not many people are following the recommended overall oral health. Below are some of the common dental problems.
Having halitosis or bad breath is quite embarrassing. It is the most common dental problem. Studies have shown that people with persistent bad breath may be suffering from oral health conditions. These include cavities, gum disease, dry mouth, oral cancer, and bacteria on the tongue.
Common bad breath may be caused by dry mouth, which occurs during sleeping. It may also be caused by eating certain foods such as onions and garlic. In some cases, it may be brought by a post-nasal drip causing foul odor when attracted to phlegm and mucus.
For simple bad breath issues, brushing one's teeth and gargling mouthwash can remedy the problem. But when a serious dental condition or chronic bad breath is observed, it is highly recommended to visit your family dentist for immediate treatment.
Mouth sores are visible to people with poor oral hygiene. They can be irritating and bothersome. Mouth sores include canker sores, cold sores, fever blisters, ulcers, and thrush. Canker sores are considered irritation that may for a week or so. In some instances, they may show mouth cancer or infection like herpes simplex virus. Herpes simplex can lead to cold sores and fever blisters, which can be contagious.
In the U.S., tooth decay, or popularly known as cavities, is the second most common disease after colds. Cavities result when tartar or plaque, the sticky yellowish substance, are created when sugars and starches mix with the food we eat. The mixture creates acid that can damage the tooth enamel. This can be prevented by brushing your teeth after each meal, frequent flossing, and visiting your dentist regularly. Tooth decay can also be minimized by eating healthy foods and reducing intake of snacks with high sugar content.
Gum disease is caused by three common factors such as poor oral health, smoking, and genetics. It is a gum infection in the teeth's surroundings. It is the most common cause of tooth loss among adults.
Studies indicate that symptoms of gum disease can be seen to people aged 30s or 40s. Gingivitis, or the milder form of the disease, is visible among teenagers. Periodontitis is the more critical case of gum disease. This can put the sufferer to possible risks of heart attack or stroke when the inhaled bacteria enter the bloodstream from the gums, and affecting either the heart or lungs.
Oral cancer is a deadly disease affecting millions of people worldwide. It is characterized as a growth or mouth sore that does not easily go away. It can be life threatening when not diagnosed early. Such cancer involves abnormal growth in the lips, cheeks, tongue, mouth, palate, sinuses, and throat. Oral cancer can be treated at the early stages.